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2012 ElectionsReleases

Presidential Ad War Tops 1M Airings

By November 2, 2012July 28th, 2016No Comments

Pro-Romney Ads Cut into Obama Advantage in Last Week of Oct;

Obama campaign outspends Romney campaign 2.6:1 on ads in the general election period;

Republican outside groups make up the difference for Romney

(MIDDLETOWN, CT) Nov. 2, 2012 – As the 2012 campaign comes to a close, the number of ads aired in the presidential general election passed the one million mark last week.  As of October 29, the two candidates, their party committees, and supporting interest groups had sponsored 1,015,615 ads since June 1, a 39.1% increase over 2008 (730,041) and a 41% increase over 2004 (720,064), during the same period.  See Figure 1.

Since Mitt Romney effectively secured the Republican nomination in April, the campaigns, parties and outside interest groups have sponsored just over 1.1 million presidential ad airings on local broadcast and national cable.

“This is, by far, the most advertising we’ve seen in a presidential election,” said Erika Franklin Fowler, co-director of the Wesleyan Media Project.  “Everyone expected ads to be more abundant this election than in 2008, especially with super PAC involvement and both candidates opting out of public funding, but passing the one million mark is a real milestone.”

Because these numbers include only ads aired through October 29, the total number of ads aired during the entire 2012 presidential campaign will still include 8 days of additional advertising (excluding Election Day).  In the 8-day period between October 22 and 29, candidates, the two parties, and all of the affiliated outside groups aired just shy of 100,000 ads.  Between Oct 1 and Oct 29, the total number of ads aired in the presidential race was 309,000.


Figure 1: Ads in Presidential Race Surpass 1 Million


Throughout the general election, President Obama has led in the total number of ads aired.  Total airings by the top ad sponsors between April 11 and October 29 are shown in Table 1. The Obama campaign has sponsored about 50 percent of all of the ads aired and has out-advertised the Romney campaign by a 2.6 to 1 margin in both ads aired and estimated money spent.  However, in adding up all ads aired on behalf of either candidate, pro-Obama ads outnumber pro-Romney ads by just fewer than 50,000 (574,557 to 526,811).  Governor Romney was aided by roughly 270,000 ads from outside groups (51 percent of all pro-Romney ads aired) in the general election, including 60,000 from Restore Our Future, the super PAC organized to support his election, and over 130,000 from the organizations Crossroads GPS and American Crossroads.

“The level of support for Governor Romney from outside groups is simply incredible,” said Michael Franz, Project co-director.  “Groups supporting Romney out-advertised the candidate and party committees.  That is unprecedented in a presidential election.”


Table 1: Top Spenders in Presidential Ad Race (April 11 to October 29)

SponsorAffiliationEst.CostAds Aired# of markets
Barack ObamaDemocrat$265,981,040503,25563
Mitt RomneyRepublican$105,393,980190,78478
Restore Our Future, Inc.Republican$57,611,97060,36664
American CrossroadsRepublican$56,864,79064,44160
Crossroads GPSRepublican$45,886,28074,09267
Americans For ProsperityRepublican$35,936,76043,09155
Priorities USA ActionDemocrat$32,486,61053,61232
RNC & Mitt RomneyRepublican$23,936,42032,63842
Republican National CommitteeRepublican$21,420,26031,25869
DNC & Barack ObamaDemocrat$15,309,0907,21053
Americans For Job SecurityRepublican$9,409,2308,83836
American Future FundRepublican$6,950,3306,72242
Republican Jewish CoalitionRepublican$4,648,3303,1364
Concerned Women For AmericaRepublican$4,400,3603,13221
Planned Parenthood Action FundDemocrat$3,387,1303,1606
Thomas PeterffyRepublican$1,481,58065311
SEIU COPEDemocrat$1,277,7901,5124
NRA Political Victory FundRepublican$1,158,3802,18719
Ending Spending FundRepublican$1,151,7506799
SEIU & Priorities USADemocrat$1,071,4301,8864
Checks + Balances For Econ GrowthRepublican$825,93096511
League Of Conservation VotersDemocrat$611,7503541
Priorities USA & LCV Victory FundDemocrat$586,2601,1724
American Energy AllianceRepublican$522,79082525
Women Speak Out PACRepublican$477,6102018
Numbers include broadcast television and national cable advertising.
CITE SOURCE OF DATA AS: Kantar Media/CMAG with analysis by the Wesleyan Media Project.


In the week between October 22 and 29, pro-Romney ad sponsors have become much more competitive with the Obama campaign.  Of the top 25 media markets, pro-Romney ads outnumber pro-Obama ads in 9 of them.  See Table 2.  This still suggests an Obama advantage overall, but in our prior reports through the fall, Romney was generally behind in total ads in all but a small handful of markets.

Table 2: Top Media Markets by Volume in the Presidential Race (October 22 to 29)

MARKETTotalObamaDNCDem GroupsRomneyRNCGOP GroupsDem Adv
Las Vegas4,4331,55509157141471,102507
Columbus, Ohio3,2771,24202734952261,041-247
Washington, DC3,1751,20705476730745336
Des Moines2,5121,0570216551068834
Grand Junction (CO)2,2631,082008990282-99
Davenport (IA)2,197880022243306627
Green Bay2,153817034235273547165
Colorado Springs2,15182302266430459-53
Cedar Rapids (IA)1,76174802633060444261
Numbers include broadcast television.
CITE SOURCE OF DATA AS: Kantar Media/CMAG with analysis by the Wesleyan Media Project.
Party airings also include some candidate-party coordinated ads.


Figure 2 displays the partisan advantages graphically, with the top 15 media markets in total volume outlined in black.  Our previous analysis, which examined the October 1-21 period, found ad advantages for Obama in most of the high-volume media markets, but in the past week, pro-Romney advertisers have taken the advantage in some key markets, including Cincinnati, Tampa, and Miami.  And Romney ads continue to outnumber Obama ads in some of the smaller media markets, including some in Minnesota, Michigan and New Hampshire.

Figure 2: Partisan Ad Advantages in the Presidential Race (October 22-29)


Figure 3 shows total presidential ad airings in each media market since April 11.  Las Vegas, Nevada, with over 51,588 ad airings, has seen the most advertising of any media market in the country.  It is followed by Denver (48,722 airings), Cleveland (48,722 airings), Orlando (40,218 airings) and Tampa (40,154 airings).


Figure 3: Total Ad Airings in the Presidential Race by Market (April 11-October 29)


Obama Campaign Is Top Spender

Table 3 reports the top spenders in the October 22-29 period.  The Obama campaign continues to top the list, with over 40,000 ads aired, but Restore Our Future, the Romney campaign, and American Crossroads together have essentially matched the Obama campaign in total ads.

One of the interesting features of the general election to this point has been the high prices that outside groups have been paying for ads (the consequence of their ineligibility for the lowest unit rate cost).  This is apparent in the estimated cost totals in Table 3.  Romney aired 20,000 ads for about $13 million, but Restore Our Future spent slightly more for about half the total in ads.

“Given the stiff competition for airtime in battleground states, and the resulting rise in the prices that outside group sponsors are paying, it is starting to dawn on political contributors that sending their money to these groups may not be the most efficient way to get their favored candidates elected,” said Travis Ridout, co-director of the Wesleyan Media Project.  “I suspect that contributors may re-evaluate their giving patterns before 2016 rolls around.”


Table 3: Top Spenders in Presidential Ad Race (October 22-29)

SponsorAffiliationEst.CostAds Aired# markets
Barack ObamaDemocrat$26,325,97040,59357
Restore Our Future, Inc.Republican$13,433,25010,95454
Mitt RomneyRepublican$12,853,39020,41750
American CrossroadsRepublican$8,643,3109,15549
Priorities USA ActionDemocrat$6,937,3207,54325
Crossroads GPSRepublican$2,358,4401,79115
Americans For Job SecurityRepublican$1,451,2301,93515
Republican National CommitteeRepublican$982,2501,63111
American Future FundRepublican$974,2207839
Thomas PeterffyRepublican$941,4103949
RNC & Romney, MittRepublican$673,9607205
Checks + Balances For Econ GrowRepublican$599,92070911
NRA Political Victory FundRepublican$344,11067319
SEIU CopeDemocrat$258,3702164
Planned Parenthood Action FundDemocrat$255,6801401
Patriot Super PACDemocrat$188,8202053
Ending Spending FundRepublican$169,9802717
People For The American WayDemocrat$144,8901823
60 Plus AssociationRepublican$109,9901182
Special Ops Opsec Education FundRepublican$109,3701373
American Energy AllianceRepublican$100,4901642
Superpac For AmericaRepublican$78,4101565
American Principles In ActionRepublican$31,660381
Unite Here Tip State And Local FundDemocrat$26,900641
Veterans For A Strong AmericaRepublican$23,370241
Numbers include broadcast television and national cable advertising.
CITE SOURCE OF DATA AS: Kantar Media/CMAG with analysis by the Wesleyan Media Project.

About This Report

Data reported here do not cover local cable buys, only broadcast television and national cable buys.  All cost estimates are precisely that: estimates. Content information is based on ongoing Wesleyan Media Project coding of Kantar Media/CMAG video.

The Wesleyan Media Project provides real-time tracking and analysis of all political television advertising in real-time. Housed in Wesleyan’s Quantitative Analysis Center – part of the Allbritton Center for the Study of Public Life – the Wesleyan Media Project is the successor to the Wisconsin Advertising Project, which disbanded in 2009.  It is directed by Erika Franklin Fowler, assistant professor of government at Wesleyan University, Michael M. Franz, associate professor of government at Bowdoin College and Travis N. Ridout, associate professor of political science at Washington State University.  Laura Baum is the Project Manager.

The Wesleyan Media Project is supported by grants from The John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, and Wesleyan University.  Data provided by Kantar Media/CMAG with analysis by the Wesleyan Media Project using Academiclip, a web-based coding tool.

Periodic releases of data will be posted on the project’s website and dispersed via Twitter @wesmediaproject. To be added to our email update list, click here.


For more information contact:

Lauren Rubenstein at 860-685-3813 or lrubenstein at


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